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美国加息次日,中国央行宣布“加息”!

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年08月21日 23:30:24
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(原)(标)(题)(:美)(国)(加)(息)(次)(日)(,中)(国)(央)(行)(宣)(布)(“加)(息)(”!
文)(/小)(白)(读)(财)(经)((ID:xiaobaiducaijing)
当)(地)(时)(间)(12月)(13日)(,美)(联)(储)(宣)(布)(上)(调)(基)(准)(利)(率)(25个)(基)(点)(,利)(率)(区)(间)(上)(调)(到)(1.25%-1.50%,正)(式)(迎)(来)(年)(内)(第)(3次)(加)(息)(!
美)(国)(加)(息)(世)(界)(震)(动)(,仅)(仅)(过)(了)(几)(个)(小)(时)(后)(,香)(港)(金)(管)(局)(上)(调)(基)(准)(利)(率)(至)(1.75%。在)(此)(之)(前)(,韩)(国)(、英)(国)(等)(央)(行)(也)(已)(经)(分)(别)(宣)(布)(加)(息)(。
这)(时)(大)(家)(把)(目)(光)(盯)(向)(中)(国)(,到)(底)(要)(不)(要)(跟)(着)(加)(息)(?美)(国)(加)(息)(次)(日)(,央)(行)(以)(这)(样)(的)(举)(动)(回)(应)(:
1、央)(行)(进)(行)(了)(2880亿)(元)(人)(民)(币)(中)(期)(借)(贷)(便)(利)((MLF)操)(作)(,期)(限)(为)(1年)(,利)(率)(是)(3.25%,上)(次)(是)(3.20%,上)(调)(5个)(基)(点)(;
2、央)(行)(进)(行)(300亿)(元)(7天)(逆)(回)(购)(操)(作)(、200亿)(元)(28天)(逆)(回)(购)(操)(作)(;利)(率)(分)(别)(是)(2.5%、2.8%,此)(前)(分)(别)(为)(2.45%、2.75%,上)(调)(5个)(基)(点)(;
3、12月)(14日)(晚)(间)(,路)(透)(和)(香)(港)(日)(报)(均)(报)(道)(,央)(行)(还)(上)(调)(隔)(夜)(、七)(天)(和)(一)(个)(月)(常)(备)(借)(贷)(便)(利)((SLF)利)(率)(各)(5个)(基)(点)(至)(3.35%、3.50%和)(3.85%。
至)(此)(央)(行)(完)(成)(了)(一)(次)(完)(美)(的)(“加)(息)(”,但)(需)(要)(注)(意)(,这)(一)(次)(“加)(息)(”不)(是)(上)(调)(基)(准)(利)(率)(,中)(国)(的)(基)(准)(利)(率)(是)(存)(贷)(款)(利)(率)(,也)(就)(是)(商)(业)(银)(行)(-企)(业)(、居)(民)(之)(间)(的)(借)(贷)(利)(率)(。咱)(们)(普)(通)(老)(百)(姓)(日)(常)(交)(谈)(提)(及)(的)(央)(行)(加)(息)(指)(的)(就)(是)(上)(调)(基)(准)(利)(率)(。
而)(12月)(14日)(央)(行)(上)(调)(的)(MLF、逆)(回)(购)(、SLF实)(际)(上)(指)(的)(是)(央)(行)(与)(银)(行)(之)(间)(的)(借)(钱)(利)(率)(。
上)(调)(MLF、逆)(回)(购)(、SLF利)(率)(与)(基)(准)(利)(率)((存)(贷)(款)(利)(率)()有)(啥)(不)(同)(呢)(?
第)(1种)(:假)(如)(央)(行)(上)(调)(基)(准)(利)(率)(,意)(味)(着)(银)(行)(只)(能)(以)(这)(个)(为)(基)(准)(上)(下)(浮)(动)(一)(定)(的)(比)(例)(确)(定)(给)(企)(业)(、居)(民)(的)(存)(款)(和)(贷)(款)(利)(率)(,可)(见)(,基)(准)(利)(率)(的)(上)(调)(会)(快)(速)(传)(递)(到)(企)(业)(、居)(民)(的)(资)(金)(成)(本)(中)(。
第)(2种)(:假)(如)(央)(行)(上)(调)(MLF、逆)(回)(购)(、SLF利)(率)(,传)(导)(的)(链)(条)(是)(这)(样)(的)(“银)(行)(向)(央)(行)(借)(钱)(成)(本)(提)(高)(-银)(行)(迫)(于)(资)(金)(成)(本)(提)(高)(不)(得)(不)(抬)(高)(对)(居)(民)(、企)(业)(的)(存)(款)(或)(贷)(款)(利)(率)(”。
可)(见)(,央)(行)(上)(调)(上)(述)(两)(种)(利)(率)(最)(终)(都)(能)(抬)(高)(整)(个)(社)(会)(的)(借)(钱)(成)(本)(,这)(些)(年)(MLF、逆)(回)(购)(、SLF利)(率)(影)(响)(越)(来)(越)(大)(,甚)(至)(不)(亚)(于)(基)(准)(利)(率)(,原)(因)(有)(2点)(:
1、MLF、逆)(回)(购)(、SLF都)(是)(央)(行)(借)(钱)(给)(商)(业)(银)(行)(的)(重)(要)(工)(具)(,所)(不)(同)(的)(是)(,MLF偏)(长)(期)((6个)(月)(或)(1年)(),逆)(回)(购)(偏)(短)(期)((7天)(、28天)(等)(),而)(SLF借)(钱)(的)(对)(向)(主)(要)(是)(政)(策)(性)(银)(行)((国)(家)(开)(发)(银)(行)(、中)(国)(进)(出)(口)(银)(行)(、中)(国)(农)(业)(发)(展)(银)(行)(),原)(来)(央)(行)(向)(市)(场)(投)(放)(资)(金)(主)(渠)(道)(是)(外)(汇)(占)(款)(,这)(几)(年)(,外)(汇)(占)(款)(逐)(渐)(下)(降)(,央)(行)(通)(过)(MLF、逆)(回)(购)(、SLF向)(市)(场)(投)(放)(资)(金)(的)(比)(重)(越)(来)(越)(大)(。
2、2013年)(7月)(20日)(开)(始)(,央)(行)(已)(经)(取)(消)(了)(金)(融)(机)(构)(贷)(款)(利)(率)(0.7倍)(的)(下)(限)(;自)(2015年)(10月)(24日)(起)(,央)(行)(放)(开)(一)(年)(期)(以)(上)((不)(含)(一)(年)(期)()定)(期)(存)(款)(的)(利)(率)(浮)(动)(上)(限)(。这)(告)(诉)(我)(们)(自)(此)(以)(后)(银)(行)(可)(以)(在)(基)(准)(利)(率)(的)(基)(础)(上)(获)(得)(更)(大)(的)(浮)(动)(空)(间)(,实)(际)(上)(意)(味)(着)(基)(准)(利)(率)(作)(用)(弱)(化)(了)(,而)(央)(行)(-商)(业)(银)(行)(的)(重)(要)(性)(越)(来)(越)(重)(要)(。
事)(实)(上)(,央)(行)(上)(调)(的)(MLF、逆)(回)(购)(、SLF利)(率)(实)(际)(上)(和)(美)(国)(基)(准)(利)(率)(是)(一)(样)(的)(,美)(国)(的)(基)(准)(利)(率)(指)(的)(就)(是)(央)(行)(-商)(业)(银)(行)(之)(间)(的)(利)(率)(。只)(不)(过)(美)(联)(储)(加)(息)(的)(幅)(度)(是)(25个)(基)(点)(,中)(国)(“加)(息)(”的)(幅)(度)(是)(5个)(基)(点)(,力)(度)(比)(美)(国)(弱)(一)(点)(。
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